Circuit Board Repair Guide > Component Removal > 8.4.2 Convection Method of Gull Wing Component Removal

Convection Method of Gull Wing Component Removal

Repair Circuit Boards | Repair SMT Pads | Repair BGA Pads | Repair Lands | Repair Edge Contacts
Repair a Conductor | Plated Hole Repair | Base Board Repair | Replace Solder Mask or Coatings

This procedure covers the convection method of gull wing component removal.

The goal when removing any component is to remove the component as quickly as possible.

IPC Acceptability References
IPC-A-610 12.0 Surface Mount Assemblies

Related Procedure References
CTC 1.0 Foreword - Circuit Board Repair Guide
CTC 2.1 Handling Electronic Assemblies
CTC 2.2.1 How to Clean a Circuit Board
CTC 2.2.2 Cleaning Circuit Boards, Aqueous Batch Process
CTC 2.5 Baking and Preheating of Printed Circuit Boards
CTC 7.1.1 Quality Soldering Basics
CTC 7.1.2 Preparing Circuit Boards and Soldering Tools for
Soldering and Component Removal
IPC7711 3.7.7 Hot Gas Reflow Method
Surface mount gull wing component soldered on circuit board
Surface Mount Gull Wing Component

Tools and Materials
Flux, Liquid
Hot Air Removal Tool with Tips      
Positioning Table      
Rework Stand
Vacuum Pen

Printed Board Type: R/F/C  |  Skill Level: Advanced  |  Conformance Level: High  |  Rev.: D  |  Rev. Date: Jul 7, 2000

Nozzle heats leads, pads, component

Figure 1: Nozzle at left heats the
leads and pads. Nozzle at right
heats component, leads and pads.

This method uses hot air nozzles that do not touch the component. Gas or air is heated and forced through a specially designed nozzle and directed onto the component leads and surface pads.
Hot gas/air nozzles come in several sizes to accommodate many of the different styles and sizes of components. Measure the overall length and width of the component to select the proper size tip. Check the nozzle for proper fit prior to processing the part. Some hot gas/air nozzle designs will heat only the component leads and pad area. (See Figure 1, Left Side). Some hot air nozzle designs heat the entire component, the leads and pad area. (See Figure 1, Right Side).
Hot gas/air can be used to remove a number of different styles of SMT components but the heated gas/air must be directed onto the leads and pads and away from the top of the component and circuit board surface.
Hot gas/air nozzles may or may not include vacuum assistance to lift the component off the circuit board surface.
After solder has melted lift component straight up

Figure 2: After solder has melted lift component straight up.

Place the pre-heated circuit board on the Positioning Table. A heated positioning table is available to pre-heat the circuit board, or can be used to maintain the pre-heated temperature when many components need to be removed from one circuit board.
2.  Apply a small amount of liquid flux to all leads of the component.
Place the nozzle directly over the top of the component and activate the air flow. When the solder has melted actuate the vacuum assist or lift off the component with a vacuum pen. Lift the component straight up. (See Figure 2).

It's difficult to precisely know how long to dwell prior to safely removing the part. This is further complicated by the fact that when removing a bank of components, parts subsequent to the first come off much faster. Obviously, the smaller the part the quicker it reflows. Small SMT components may reflow in a few seconds and large SMT components may take more than a minute.
4.  Clean the area.

Links to Related Products

Prototyping Boards for Through Hole and SMT Components  
Prototyping Boards for Through Hole and SMT Components
These Schmartboard prototyping boards support through hole and surface mount components. This is the fastest and easiest electronic circuit prototyping system ever conceived.

The SchmartBoard|ez products are for people who may not have advanced soldering skills, first-timers, or just anyone who wants to have a fast, easy, and hassle-free experience.

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